View Full Version : Glossary T

04-07-2009, 02:05 PM
T formation
a classic offensive formation with the quarterback directly behind the center and three running backs behind the quarterback, forming a 'T'. Numerous variations have been developed including the split-T, wing-T, and wishbone-T.

* the act of forcing a ball carrier to the ground
* a player position on the line, either an offensive tackle (T) or a defensive tackle (DT) see linemen.
take a knee
see kneel.
tackle box
the area between where the two offensive tackles line up prior to the snap.
tackle eligible
a lineman that lines himself up in the position of an eligible receiver.
tailback (TB)
player position on offense farthest ("deepest") back, except in kicking formations. Also often referred to as the running back, particularly in a one-back offense.
when an offensive team fails to gain a first down on the first three plays of a drive, and thus is forced to punt on fourth down.
three-point stance
a down lineman's stance with three points on the ground, in other words, his two feet and one of his hands
three-point conversion
A novelty play, in leagues such as the XFL and the proposed New USFL, that is nearly identical to the two-point conversion. A play that advances the ball into the end zone from the 10-yard line (as opposed to the 2 or 3 yard line in a two-point conversion) earns 3 points.
tight end (TE)
a player position on offense, often known as Y receiver, lines up on the line of scrimmage, next to the offensive tackle. Tight ends are used as blockers during running plays, and either run a route or stay in to block during passing plays.
time of possession
the amount of time one team has the ball in its possession relative to the other team. Since there are 60 minutes in a non-overtime game, and one team or another always has possession of the ball, the two teams divide up the time with which they have the ball out of the 60 minutes. If one team has it 40 minutes the other will have it 20 and so forth. A time of possession advantage is seen as a positive thing and is highly correlative with a win or loss. Teams that dominate time of possession usually have good defenses (that can keep the opposing team's offense from mounting many long drives) and solid offenses (usually with good running games as running plays keep the clock running more often than passing plays).
total offense
is a statistic that combines yards rushing and yards passing.
the act of downing the ball behind one's own goal line on a kickoff or punt after the ball had been propelled over the goal by the opposing team. This can be accomplished by one of several ways: the receiving team player catching the ball in the endzone and dropping down to one knee; by the ball touching any part of the endzone; the ball carrying out of the endzone in any way without being possessed by either team. After a touchback, the team that downed it gets the ball at their own 20-yard line.
a play worth six points, accomplished by gaining legal possession of the ball in the opponent's end zone or by the ball crossing the plane of the opponent's goal line with legal possession by a player. It also allows the team a chance for one extra point by kicking the ball or a two point conversion; see "try" below.
a basic blocking pattern in which a defensive lineman is allowed past the line of scrimmage, only to be blocked at an angle by a "pulling" lineman. Designed to gain a preferred blocking angle and larger hole in the line.
true freshman
a player who is one year out of high school. This contrasts with a redshirt freshman who has practiced with the team for one year but who has not played yet in any games.
trick play
Any of a variety of plays that use deception to catch the other team offguard. Famous trick plays include the fake punt (kick), "Statue of Liberty", flea-flicker, center-eligible, surprise on-side kick and halfback pass plays. These plays are often dangerous, as most upper level teams have too much skill and experience to be fooled for long.
a formation in which 3 wide receivers are lined up on the same side of the field, with one on the LOS and usually the others flanking the WR one yard off the LOS (as in Slot or Wing, though only one yard off the WR, each way.
A try is a scrimmage down which is neither timed nor numbered, awarded to a team who has just scored a 6 point touchdown, from close to their opponent's goal line (2-yard line in the NFL, 3 yard line NCAA & NFHS). The try allows the offense (and in some codes, the defense) to score an additional 1 or 2 points. Also called "try-for-point", "conversion", "convert" (Canadian), "extra point(s)", "point(s) after (touchdown)" or PAT.
turn the ball over on downs
When a team uses all four of their downs without either scoring or making a first down, they must relinquish the ball to the other team
The loss of the ball by one team to the other team. This is usually the result of a fumble or an interception.
a player that plays 2 or more positions because he is a very gifted athlete who could not possess enough size for one position or enough quickness for another.
two-level defense
a defense with only two, as opposed to the usual three, levels of defensive organization. Generally a much more aggressive defense than normal.
two-minute warning
a free time out given to both teams when there is two minutes left on the game clock in each half. Certain leagues may use different times for this warning.
two-point conversion
a play worth two points accomplished by gaining legal possession of the ball in the opponent's end zone, either via a run or pass, after a touchdown has been made; see "try" above

03-09-2010, 02:22 PM
Focusing on the "5-technique" defensive end
By Jeff Legwold
The Denver Post
POSTED: 03/08/2010 01:00:00 AM MST

Welcome back. I will try to answer some questions during the NFL draft season as I continue to prepare for our coverage of the April 22-24 draft.

Today's questions come from Jim Burnett.

Q: What are the responsibilities of the "5-technique" defensive end? And how are they different from the other defensive end in the 3-4?

A: Jim, it depends on the defense. And like a 4-3 defense, there are plenty of variations of the 3-4 defense as well with divergent philosophies and objectives. The Steelers' 3-4 defense, for example, is different from the Patriots' 3-4 defense.

The Broncos' 3-4 most closely resembles the Patriots' 3-4. The defensive linemen don't attack upfield as much, and they are more power-first players who engage the blockers in front of them.

In that kind of 3-4, a "5-technique" defensive end usually lines up directly over the offensive tackle in a running situation. This essentially makes him a two-gap player to the inside shoulder of the tackle and to the outside shoulder of the tackle.

The defensive end is supposed to engage the tackle, read the play, shed the blocker and try to stop the play. He is supposed to hold the point of attack and control the line of scrimmage.

In many 3-4 defenses, both ends play a 5-technique, with the nose tackle directly over the center or zero technique in the base, early-down look.

A prototypical 5-technique end would look a lot like Richard Seymour, who was with the Patriots when Broncos coach Josh McDaniels was on the staff there. Seymour, 6-feet-6, had the reach to deal with the tackles across from him. And at 310 pounds, he also played with enough power to hold the edge.

A prototypical 5-technique end has enough quickness to get upfield while maintaining the discipline required with two-gap responsibility. One-gap players usually can penetrate and chase upfield. Two-gap players often have to surrender their statistics for the defensive philosophy as a whole.
The right defensive end, lined up across from the offensive left tackle, usually is the better pass rusher of the two ends. The left defensive end, lined up across from the offensive right tackle, usually is a better power player (to deal with the more power-oriented right tackles).

Defensive end, like nose tackle, is a selfless D-line position that requires strength, athleticism and discipline to play. Basically, you're looking for very talented players who play without ego.

They are difficult to find, but the defense can't be played without them. It's why Bill Belichick, one of the NFL's leading practitioners of the defense, used three No. 1 draft picks for his three defensive line positions during the Patriots' run to the Super Bowls.

Read more: http://www.denverpost.com/premium/broncos/ci_14630467#ixzz0hfEGMZs5