View Full Version : Glossary Q,R

03-11-2009, 12:28 PM

one of four periods of play in a standard American football game. A quarter lasts for fifteen game clock minutes in most adaptations of American football but may take longer in elapsed time, since the clock does not run continuously. A tie at the end of four quarters may result in overtime.
quarterback (QB)
an offensive player who lines up behind the center, from whom he takes the snap.
Quarterback controversy
a public outcry from fans or the media when a starting quarterback(sometimes injured and old) is performing under par and the back-up quarterback is performing better or beyond expectation. Examples in history include San Francisco's Steve Young and Joe Montana, Washington's Doug Williams and Jay Schroeder, New England's Tom Brady and Drew Bledsoe, and Buffalo's Rob Johnson and Doug Flutie.
Quarterback rating
see Passer rating.
Quarterback scramble
see Scramble.
quarterback sneak
a play most commonly used in very short yardage or goal line situations. The Quarterback quickly snaps the ball and runs right behind or beside the center.
quarter defense
defensive formation with seven defensive backs, three down linemen and one linebacker.
quick kick
an unexpected punt.


Short for Run After Catch. Amount of yardage gained after successful pass reception. A quarterback's length of pass is the distance from where the line of scrimmage is, to where the receiver caught the ball, plus RAC, and can then also include YAC. YAC is the distance the ball carrier ran after contact with a defender is/was made. Screen plays boosts RAC effectively due to the short passes, and the receiver has to run to increase yardage. Not to be confused with YAC (Yardage after Contact) where the ball carrier (receiver in this example) gains additional yardage after contact with/by a defender; often a measure of strength/toughness.
when a player catches (receives) the ball.
red flag
a weighted red marker thrown onto the field by a coach to tell the officials that he wants a certain play reviewed. Sometimes referred to as "challenge flag."
red zone
the area between the 20 yard line and the goal of the defensive team.
referee (R)
the official who directs the other officials on the field, He is one of seven officials.
regular season
In college football, it is the portion of the season that is scheduled ahead-of-time by the schools. It excludes any bowl game, conference championship, or playoff games. In NFL football, the regular season is defined as weeks 1-17.
restraining line
a team's respective line of scrimmage
at a free kick, the line the ball is to be kicked from (for the kicking team), or a line 10 yards in advance of that (for the receiving team)
the act of progressing the ball down the field after a change of possession, such as a kick or interception. (E.g. "He returned the interception for a touchdown".)
return yards
are those yards gained advancing the ball during play after a change of possession such as a punt or a kickoff or a turnover such as a fumble or an interception.
an offensive play in which a running back carries the ball toward one side of the field but hands or tosses the ball to a teammate (almost exclusively a Wide Receiver) who is running in the opposite direction. Contrast to an End Around, in which the ball is handed off directly to a Wide Receiver (usually the man in motion), so the direction of the play never reverses.
Road game
a game played in the opponent's home stadium. Games at neutral sites are generally not considered road games although they are "away from home".
a hybrid safety that has duel responsibilities as a defensive back and a Linebacker. This is more commonly seen in college football more so than NFL, CFL, or AFL football. A perfect example this in use is in West Virginia's or Air Forces's 3-3-5 schemes.
run and shoot
an offensive philosophy designed to force the defense to show its hand prior to the snap of the ball by splitting up receivers and sending them in motion. Receivers run patterns based on the play of the defenders, rather than a predetermined plan. Also known as 'Run & Gun'.
running back (RB)
a player position on offense. Although the term usually refers to the halfback or tailback, fullbacks are also considered runningbacks.
Running out the clock
A game strategy that involves repeatedly executing simple plays that allow the game clock to continue running in an effort to bring the game to a quicker end. This strategy is almost always employed by the leading team at the end of the game, and may involve one or more quarterback kneels.
running play
a play where the offense attempts to advance the ball without a forward pass.
running up the score
a generally discouraged practice in which a team, despite leading by several touchdowns (to the point that it is obvious that the team is going to win), continues to score as many points as possible in an effort to create as wide of a margin of victory as possible.
run out of the gun
running the ball out of the shotgun formation, which is primarily a pass formation.
1. an attempt to tackle or hurry a player before he can throw a pass or make a kick.
2. a running play.
rushing average
(also yards per carry average) the quotient of a player's total rushing yards divided by the number of rushing attempts.